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5 Stages of Gum Disease: Spotting the Signs to Get Treatment in Time

Why do We need to know about Receding Gums Stages? There is no doubt that there are many people with gum disease out there. The more people you talk to, the more people you realize are impacted by gum disease. Gum disease is a serious issue, and it seems that more and more people are becoming aware of it.

As you may already know, your gum line plays a vital role in how your teeth appear. It’s an important part of your smile. The problem is, your gum line can be thinning out—a condition called gum recession. And if you aren’t taking steps to address this issue, it could leave your smile looking unhealthy and unkempt. But that’s not all. Gum recession can also lead to tooth loss. It makes your teeth look unhealthy, but it also makes it difficult for you to bite down when you eat, which can put a strain on your jaw. If you have a receding gum line, don’t wait for the problem to worsen. Take action. 

The good news is that it is something that can be prevented. In this article, we’ll discuss the stages of gum disease and how it is treated. Everything you need to know about the stages of gum disease, recognizing the signs and symptoms and understanding the risks at each stage.  

Gum disease is more complicated than it sounds.

Gum disease is an illness that is caused by bacteria. When you eat food that has gone bad, you can put harmful bacteria into your mouth. Bacteria from your mouth can move into the gum tissue and start causing problems. It can cause swollen or bleeding gums and gum tissues appearing red. You may notice that you have more tooth decay than normal, or you may have white spots on your teeth.

Gum disease usually starts slowly and gradually progresses over time. The early stages of gum disease are not visible and are not easily noticeable. It is important to know that gum disease can be very serious. 

The good news is that gum disease does not have to be a serious problem. If you take the right precautions, you can reduce the chance of gum disease progressing into more serious problems. For instance, you should avoid smoking and drinking alcohol. Tobacco is an unhealthy habit that has been shown to increase the risk of gum disease. You should also eat a balanced diet and regularly see your dentist. Your dentist will be able to tell you how to eat healthily and how often you should go for a check-up. You should also find out how to stop the progression of gum disease. 

Gum disease: an illness in different stages

Gum disease: an illness in different stages

Gum disease is divided into two distinct ‘types.’

  • Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis / periodontal diseases

Gingivitis is the most common and mild kind of gum disease that can be treated or reversed.’ If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to the more damaging and irreversible Peridontitis.

Periodontitis can be classified into four stages:

  1. Periodontitis Stage 1: Initial
  2. Periodontitis Stage 2: Moderate 
  3. Periodontitis Stage 3: Severe with potential for tooth loss
  4. Periodontitis Stage 4: Severe with potential for loss of all the teeth

Gingivitis

There’s no other way to put it: our mouths are full of bacteria. Bacteria and other particles combine to form plaque, a sticky substance that coats the teeth like grime if you don’t brush and floss properly regularly.

When plaque isn’t removed, the body’s immune system reacts, causing the gums to become inflamed. Inflamed gums are typically redder and puffier than normal, and they bleed when you brush or floss your teeth. It can happen in as little as two weeks.

Gingivitis is made up of’ gingiva’ and ‘itis.’ The gingiva are the gums, and ‘itis’ is a Latin word that means “inflammation.” As a result, gingivitis means “gum inflammation.”

Cleaning your teeth is more difficult than you think because you can’t see into your mouth – especially when it’s full of toothpaste – to spot plaque. Most people require some coaching to perform well. Most people have gingivitis in some part of their mouth.

Gingivitis

Plaque that is not removed begins to harden and transforms into a substance known as calculus (or tartar). Calculus is a hardened build-up on your teeth that comes in two varieties.

People with healthy saliva develop supragingival calculus on their bottom front teeth which is often visible. It has a creamy yellow color formed by minerals found in your saliva. This type of calculus is simple to remove with the help of your dentist, hygienist, or periodontist.

The more serious type, known as subgingival calculus,develops beneath the gum and is black. It is not visible and can be difficult to detect, even for a dentist. As a result, a complete removal is extremely difficult. When your gums are inflamed, it turns black due to the presence of blood. When you have black subgingival calculus, it usually means you have one of the more severe types of gum disease. More on this in the following section.

Gingivitis symptoms are often overlooked because the condition is usually painless. Too often, people blame it on brushing too vigorously. However, bleeding gums are warning signs that should never be ignored.

The simple truth is that healthy gums do not bleed. The only stage of gum disease that can be reversed is gingivitis. Regular check-ups and cleanings at home and good oral hygiene can diagnose gum disease, and your dentist or periodontist can help you treat it and get your gums completely healthy again.

Periodontitis – Stage 1: Initial

Gingivitis can progress to Stage 1 Periodontitis if left untreated. This is when the gum inflammation becomes destructive. The truth is that chronic (long-term) inflammation in any part of the body can be harmful. Chronic inflammation can cause damage to arthritic joints such as the knees, hips, and fingers. In gum disease periodontitis, the inflammation damages the fibers connecting the teeth’s teeth’ roots to the socket. These fibers are known as the ‘periodontal ligament,’ and permanent damage to them. The signs and symptoms are nearly identical to gingivitis, making this stage difficult to distinguish.

At this point, you will not experience any pain or other symptoms. However, your gums will continue to bleed when you brush, becoming more inflamed.

Gum disease cannot be reversed once it has reached this stage, but it can be managed by a specialist periodontist and dental health team.

Coaching to improve your teeth cleaning technique and a deep clean, known as debridement, are the first steps in treating early periodontal disease. Debridement is a time-consuming procedure that removes bacteria and calculus from your gums and tooth roots.

Periodontitis – Stage 2: Moderate

If you don’t treat your early periodontitis, it will progress to more advanced periodontal disease Stage 2 – Moderate Periodontitis.

The amount of damage to the ligaments or joints between the root of the tooth and its socket is the main difference between initial and moderate periodontitis. When periodontitis is first diagnosed, the damage is minor and almost undetectable. Because there is more damage, which is unfortunately permanent, moderate periodontitis should be more obvious to your dental team.

Periodontitis – Stage 3: Severe (with potential for tooth loss)

Now we’re in the advanced stages of periodontitis, which means you’re at risk of losing teeth.You are unlikely to experience pain if your gum disease has progressed to this stage. However, because your gums have receded, you may notice bad breath and taste, and your teeth may appear longer. You may also notice that your teeth are shifting or becoming loose. When you bite, the way they fit together may change. Biting on the teeth can cause soreness, and people can develop localized swellings or pus-filled abscesses, which are often painful.

All treatment options, including periodontal surgery, are on the table at this point to manage your condition. It’s possible that some teeth can no longer be saved and will need to be replaced with dentures or dental implants. On the other hand, a periodontist can assist you in determining the best treatment option for you, giving you the best chance of saving the most teeth. Periodontists are experts in gum disease and can sometimes see things that general dentists can’t.

Periodontitis – Stage 4: Severe (with potential for the loss of all teeth)

By the time they reach Stage 4, most people have lost several teeth, and the ones that remain are often lost. The teeth may not be strong enough to support the force of your bite when you try to chew because enough gum or bone does not support them.

There will be a lot of splaying and drifting of the front teeth and gaps between them. It is critical to seek treatment at this point. Advanced periodontal disease can lead to various other serious health issues, including diabetes and even a heart attack.

It can’t be undone, but it can be controlled. Even at this late stage, gum disease can be stabilized with the help of your periodontist and other dental specialists such as prosthodontists and orthodontists.

When Stage 4 is reached, many people consider removing all of their teeth and replacing them with dental implants. The issue is that dental implants can cause gum disease as well. Gum disease makes it much more difficult and expensive to treat implants. We’ve seen many people who have had all of their teeth replaced with implants (often from another country) only to have the same problem. We strongly advise that you seek the advice of a periodontist before proceeding. Teeth cannot be replaced once they have been extracted.

How fast does periodontitis progress?

How fast does periodontitis progress?

Periodontitis is divided into stages and three rates of progression. Patients’ periodontists determine what type of treatment to give them based on whether the disease is:

Grade A – Slow progressing

Grade B – Moderately progressing

Grade C – Rapidly progressing

Obviously, the faster the disease progresses, the sooner you should seek help.

And the younger you are, the more damage you are likely to sustain. Grade C, or Rapidly Progressing Periodontitis, can strike people in their early twenties.

How do you prevent gum disease?

1. Don’t smoke or use tobacco products.

2. Quit drinking alcohol.

3. Don’t brush your teeth after dinner or snack on acidic foods.

4. Brushing and flossing your teeth twice daily helps keep gums healthy.

5. If you are experiencing gum pain or bleeding, don’t ignore it; instead, see your dentist.

6. Avoid spicy, acidic, hot or cold foods and drinks.

Conclusion

In conclusion, when you’re suffering from gum disease, you should know that the longer you wait to treat it, the worse the damage will be. Even though gum disease is often painless, you can notice signs such as bad breath, bleeding gums, and swollen, tender gums. If you ignore the symptoms of gum disease, it can result in serious problems such as tooth loss and abscesses. Gum disease can be completely reversed if caught early. On the other hand, periodontitis must be managed for the rest of one’s life. Because gum disease’s early signs and symptoms are difficult to detect, it’s critical to see your dentist for regular check-ups and cleanings. If you notice any signs that aren’t improving, such as bleeding gums, make an appointment with a periodontist.

 Read This Article Now, If You Want to Know More About Gum Disease.